Steps to Improve Website ADA Compliance
- Review the Website Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2.0). The first step is to familiarize yourself with the guidelines that make a compliant website. WCAG offers recommendations on how to make your website accessible.
- Conduct a basic audit of your site using a WAVE Web Accessibility Tool. Google Chrome’s WAVE Tool is a fantastic tool to look for potential accessible issues. These may include missing alt tags, styles, etc.
- Make sure all your images have descriptive alt tags. Alt tags are used by screen readers, players, and voiceovers to describe elements on a website to users who require specific hardware to browse your website.
- Review your website’s elements and styles, such as headings, buttons and links. Keep in mind “all” types of users who may access your website, including those who may experience visual disabilities. If your site’s navigation incorporates lighter, smaller fonts on light backgrounds, this may be illegible for some users.
- Utilize web writing best practices when developing content. Keeping your website content simple and conversational can help users scan content easier. Use headlines and sub-headlines to help break up content into smaller bites or sections. For abbreviations and acronyms like IBM, include periods between the letters to help screen readers pronounce them properly.
- Audit your website’s code. Outdated code could provide trouble for modern screen readers. Have a developer review the code and CSS to ensure best practices are being utilized and to clean up any outdated code.
Notice: I am not an attorney nor an expert in Americans with Disabilities Act Compliance. I am not suggesting if you follow this list you will be safeguarded from any lawsuits. I am just sharing what I have learned and hope it helps you.